Composers

Alessandro Rolla

Violin
Viola
Orchestra
Cello
Flute
String ensemble
Guitar
Piano
Clarinet
French horn
Duet
Concerto
Divertimento
Étude
Sonata
Adagio
Variation
Concertantes
Polonaise
Dance
by popularity

#

10 Studies in Duos for 2 Violins, Op.102 Duos for Violin and Viola, BI 102, 1032 Flute Quartets, BI 418, 4152 Studies for Violin20 Trattenimenti Notturni24 Intonazioni24 Scales for Violin3 Concertant String Trios, BI 351, 344, 3493 Concertant String Trios, BI 410, 405, 3973 Divertimenti for Violin and Viola, BI 40, 41, 493 Duetti concertanti per due violini, Op.173 Duetti per due violini, Op.4a3 Duetti per due violini, Op.4b3 Duettini for Violin and Guitar3 Duos for 2 Violas, BI 10, 3, 143 Duos for 2 Violins, BI 151, 178, 2073 Duos for 2 Violins, BI 227, 199, 1663 Duos for Flute and Violin, BI 247, 251, 2523 Duos for Flute and Violin, BI 249, 253, 2553 Duos for Violin and Cello, BI 244, 242, 2433 Duos pour deux violons, Livre 13 Duos pour violon et alto, Op.1a3 Easy Duos for 2 Violins, BI 211, 181, 1543 Grand Duos for 2 Violins, BI 155, 212, 2013 Sonatas for Violin with Viola Accompaniment, BI 110, 99, 813 Viola Concertos in F major, BI 552-5546 Duos for 2 Violas6 Duos for 2 Violas, BI 22, 5, 11, 21, 20, 156 Duos for 2 Violas, BI 9, 19, 13, 17, 18, 46 Duos for 2 Violins, BI 233, 192, 113, 173, 145, 1286 Solfeggi and 6 Progressive Studies for 2 Violins, BI 240-2417 Arrangements for Solo Viola, BI 316-322

A

Adagio e Gran Polonese, BI 494Adagio e Polacca Variata for Violin and Orchestra, BI 483Adagio e Polonese for Violin and Orchestra, BI 484Adagio e Tema con Variazioni for Viola and Orchestra, BI 133Adagio e Tema con Variazioni for Violin and Orchestra, BI 488Adagio e Tema con Variazioni for Violin and Orchestra, BI 493Arpeggio for Viola with Violin Accompaniment, BI 6Arpeggio in E-flat major, BI 7

D

Divertimento for Viola and String Quartet, BI 330Divertimento for Violin and Orchestra, BI 295Divertimento for Violin and Orchestra, BI 477Divertimento for Violin and Orchestra, BI 485Divertimento for Violin and String Quartet, BI 429Divertimento for Violin and Viola, BI 109Divertimento for Violin and Viola, BI 38aDivertimento for Violin and Viola, BI 72Divertimento for Violin and Viola, BI 79Duo for Violin and Viola, BI 104Duo for Violin and Viola, BI 180aDuo for Violin and Viola, BI 33Duo for Violin and Viola, BI 35

E

Esercizio e Arpeggio for Viola, BI 314

F

Frammenti d'Opere di Studio, BI 310, 312, 315, 313

G

Grand Duo for 2 Clarinets

I

Introduzione e Divertimento, BI 329

L

Little Study, BI 64

R

Rondò alla Polacca for Violin and Orchestra, BI 481

S

Scherzo Campestre for Violin and Viola, BI 42Serenade for 2 Horns, 2 Violins and 2 Violas, BI 434Serenade for String Quartet, BI 400Serenade for String Quintet, BI 428Serenade for Violin and Viola, BI 68Sinfonia, BI 532Sinfonia, BI 533Sinfonia, BI 534Sinfonia, BI 537Sonata for Viola with Violin Accompaniment, BI 65Sonata for Viola with Violin Accompaniment, BI 66Sonata for Viola with Violin Accompaniment, BI 67String Quartet in A major, BI 411String Quintet in D majorString Trio in E-flat major, BI 382

T

Tantum Ergo, BI 568Tema per Variazioni

V

Viola Concertino in E-flat major, BI 328Viola Concertino in E-flat major, BI 546Viola Concerto in B-flat major, BI 555Viola Concerto in C majorViola Concerto in C major, BI 541Viola Concerto in D major, BI 542Viola Concerto in D major, BI 543Viola Concerto in E major, BI 548Viola Concerto in E-flat major, BI 544Viola Concerto in E-flat major, BI 545Viola Concerto in E-flat major, BI 547Viola Concerto in F major, BI 549Viola Concerto in F major, BI 550Viola Concerto in F major, BI 551Viola Duo in E-flat major, BI 10Viola Sonata in A-flat major, BI 327Viola Sonata in C major, BI 323Violin Concerto, BI 508Violin Concerto, BI 510Violin Concerto, BI 512Violin Concerto, BI 516Violin Concerto, BI 519Violin Concerto, BI 520Violin Concerto, BI 521Violin Concerto, BI 523Violin Concerto, BI 525Violin Duo in B-flat major, BI 232Violin Sonata in E-flat major, BI 297
Wikipedia
Alessandro Rolla (Italian pronunciation: [alesˈsandro ˈrɔlla]; 22 April 1757 – 15 September 1841) was an Italian viola and violin virtuoso, composer, conductor and teacher. His son, Antonio Rolla, was also a violin virtuoso and composer.
His fame now rests mainly as "teacher of the great Paganini", yet his role was very important in the development of violin and viola technique. Some of the technical innovations that Paganini later used largely, such as left-hand pizzicato, chromatic ascending and descending scales, the use of very high positions on violin and viola, octave passages, were first introduced by Rolla.
Rolla was born in Pavia, Italy in 1757 and after his initial studies he moved to Milan where, from 1770 to 1778, he studied with Giovanni Andrea Fioroni, Maestro di cappella at Milan Cathedral, who was the most important musician in Milan after G. B. Sammartini. Charles Burney, in his musical tour in Italy, refers to Fioroni to acquire information about the Ambrosian Chant.
In 1772, he made his first public appearance as a soloist and composer performing "the first viola concerto ever heard", as reported by a contemporary writer. In 1782 he was appointed principal viola and the leader of the Ducale Orchestra in Parma, playing violin and viola until 1802. In 1795 he received a visit by the father of the young Paganini, wishing him to teach his son. After the death of the Duke of Parma, Rolla was offered a position as leader and orchestra director of the La Scala Orchestra in Milan in 1802. Here the new governors, the French and later the Austrians, wanted to create the most important orchestra of Italy and therefore hired the best virtuosos of the time. Among his students during this period were Cesare Pugni, the prolific composer of ballet music, whom he taught the violin. Rolla would conduct many of Pugni's operas for La Scala, among them Il Disertore Svizzero (1831) and La Vendetta (1832).
Rolla remained at La Scala until 1833. There he was usually identified as the "Primo violino, Capo d'orchestra" being so responsible for leading the orchestra. He conducted the first Milanese performances of Mozart's Don Giovanni, Così fan tutte, La clemenza di Tito and The Marriage of Figaro and Beethoven's first symphonies. During this period he also conducted about eighteen operas of the then most loved opera composer, Gioachino Rossini, as well as operas by Gaetano Donizetti and Bellini, whom he got to know personally. He conducted the premiere of Norma, for example.
From 1811 he was also director of a Cultural Society where musicians would perform chamber music works by Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, among others. In 1813 at this Cultural Society he gave private performances of Beethoven's 4th, 5th and 6th symphonies. He also frequented the aristocracy drawing rooms, meeting artists and poets, playing for them and dedicating several compositions to them. In 1808 the Conservatoire of Music in Milan was inaugurated and Rolla was appointed professor of violin and viola. In this capacity he composed many didactic works for his own pupils, graded in difficulty, many of which were published by the newly established publishing house Ricordi.
Although involved in opera conducting in a period when in Italy opera was dominating over instrumental music, Rolla continued to compose, maintaining the Italian instrumental tradition high. He wrote about 500 works, from didactic compositions to sonatas, quartets, symphonies, concertos for violin, and at least 13 concertos and other works for viola and orchestra. Significant was his contribution to the dissemination of Beethoven's works in Italy and his familiarity with Beethoven and other Viennese composers is shown in his compositions. He continued to compose and play chamber music until few months before his death at 84.
As an example of his fame in Italy and abroad, it is worth noting that during his lifetime his compositions were published by publishers such as Le Duc and Imbault in Paris, Artaria in Vienna, Breitkopf & Hartel in Leipzig, Monzani & Hill in London, André in Offenbach, Ricordi in Milan from 1809, and many more. This information about Rolla's life and multifarious musical activity helps us interpret his work. He was a musician of European vision, an innovator in his own field who was also able to learn from the best of his contemporaries. Also being so deeply immersed in opera environment undoubtedly had an influence on his style as a composer. He often used themes from operas for his variations.
Many of his works have been published in modern times and are therefore available. His works and performances as a violin and viola player, as well as conductor at La Scala, were often reviewed and appreciated in the Leipziger Zeitung. Rolla deserves a more important position in viola repertoire. His pedagogical works, conceived especially for the viola, are of special interest for students and teachers. They are often conceived in form of duos, lending themselves to be used also for chamber music education purposes as well.
Because of the technical innovations introduced, his work may be considered helpful for the development of viola technique. His style varies from the very melodic phrases, typically operatic in character, rich in fiorituras, to the extremely virtuoso writing, the style usually identified with Paganini. Ingredients of this technique are an ample use of double stops, fast passages in thirds and sixths, octaves from the first to the eighth position, very fast ascending and descending diatonic and chromatic scales, flying staccato, left-hand pizzicato. This intense virtuosity was a new innovation for viola technique, practically unheard of in previous times. Bertini, a historian of his time, in a dictionary of musicians reported that Rolla was prohibited from playing in public because women could not hear him without fainting or suffering attacks of nerves.