Antonio Soler

Music theory
For beginners
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12 Sonate Spagnole6 Concertos for Two Organs6 Keyboard Quintets


Fandango, R.146


Intento in C majorIntento in G majorIntento in G major, R.150Intento or Obra in D minor, R.148Intento or Paso in G major, R.151


Keyboard Sonata in A major, R.1Keyboard Sonata in A major, R.53 'De Clarines'Keyboard Sonata in B minor, R.10Keyboard Sonata in C major, R.51Keyboard Sonata in C major, R.7Keyboard Sonata in C major, R.9Keyboard Sonata in C minor, R.125Keyboard Sonata in C minor, R.18Keyboard Sonata in D major, R.127Keyboard Sonata in D major, R.74Keyboard Sonata in D major, R.84Keyboard Sonata in D minor, R.15Keyboard Sonata in E-flat major, R.2Keyboard Sonata in F major, R.89Keyboard Sonata in F-sharp major, R.90Keyboard Sonata in F-sharp minor, R.78Keyboard Sonata in G major, R.12Keyboard Sonata in G major, R.13Keyboard Sonata in G major, R.4Keyboard Sonatas, R.101-110Keyboard Sonatas, R.1-10Keyboard Sonatas, R.111-120Keyboard Sonatas, R.11-20Keyboard Sonatas, R.21-30Keyboard Sonatas, R.31-40Keyboard Sonatas, R.41-50Keyboard Sonatas, R.51-60Keyboard Sonatas, R.61-70Keyboard Sonatas, R.71-80Keyboard Sonatas, R.81-90Keyboard Sonatas, R.91-100


Llave de la modulacion y antiguedades de la musica


Other Keyboard Sonatas


Prelude and Fugue in C minor, R.147
Antonio Francisco Javier José Soler Ramos, usually known as Padre ('Father', in the religious sense) Antonio Soler, known in Catalan as Antoni Soler i Ramos (baptized 3 December 1729 – died 20 December 1783) was a Catalan Spanish composer whose works span the late Baroque and early Classical music eras. He is best known for his many mostly one-movement keyboard sonatas which constitute a very important, quite underrated, contribution to the harpsichord, fortepiano and organ repertoire.
Soler was born in Olot (Catalonia, Spain) in the County of Besalú. In 1736, when he was six, he entered the Escolania of the Monastery of Montserrat where he studied music with the resident mestre Benet Esteve and organist Benet Valls. In 1746, when he was only 17, he was appointed Kapellmeister in Lleida, and some sources say he also exercised that position at La Seu d'Urgell. In 1752, when he was 23, he moved to Castile, having been admitted to the Monastery of San Lorenzo del Escorial for his talents as a composer and organist. His fame soon led Domenico Scarlatti and José de Nebra to accept him as a student, completing his high-level training there.
Soler entered the monastery as a novice in 1752, at the age of 23, and took holy orders a year later, embarking on an extremely busy routine as a Hieronymite at El Escorial (near Madrid). There he studied under José de Nebra and, some sources say, also Domenico Scarlatti, before teaching in his own right. He was appointed music teacher for the Infantes Antonio and Gabriel, sons of Carlos III.
While there, he was known to have 20-hour workdays, in the course of which he produced more than 500 compositions. Among these were around 150 keyboard sonatas, many believed to have been written for his pupil, the Infante Don Gabriel, a son of King Carlos III. Other pieces include Christmas villancicos and Catholic liturgical music, including Masses. He died in the monastery of San Lorenzo del Escorial.
Padre Soler's most celebrated works are his keyboard sonatas, which are comparable to those composed by Domenico Scarlatti (with whom he may have studied) but are more varied in form than those of Scarlatti, with some pieces in three or four movements; Scarlatti's pieces are in one (mostly) or two movements. Soler's sonatas were cataloged in the early twentieth century by Fr. Samuel Rubio and so all have 'R' numbers assigned.
Soler also composed concertos, quintets for organ and strings, motets, masses and pieces for solo organ. He also wrote a treatise, Llave de la modulación ("The Key to Modulation", 1762).
Soler's Six Concertos for Two Organs are still very much in the repertoire and have often been recorded. A fandango authored by Soler, and probably more often performed than any other work of his, is claimed by some to be of doubtful authorship.