Carl Heinrich Graun

String ensemble
Mixed chorus
Secular cantatas
Opera seria
Religious music
Sacred cantatas
by popularity


17 Cantatas, D-B Am.B 2226 Trio Sonatas, Op.18 Trio Sonatas


Adriano in Siria, GraunWV B:I:12Agitata alma mia, GraunWV B:III:12Ahi qual crucio, GraunWV B:III:13Alessandro e Poro, GraunWV B:I:10Allegro for Viola and KeyboardAlme voi che provaste, GraunWV B:III:14Angelica e Medoro, GraunWV B:I:19Apollo amante di Dafne, GraunWV C:III:67Armida, GraunWV B:I:23Arresta al quanto a tue vittorie, GraunWV B:III:15Artaserse, GraunWV B:I:8Auserlesene Oden zum Singen beym Clavier


Britannico, GraunWV B:I:24


Cajo Fabricio, GraunWV B:I:14Catone in Utica, GraunWV B:I:9Cello Sonata in C major, B:XVII:53Cesare e CleopatraCinna, GraunWV B:I:16Concerto for Oboe d'amore, GraunWV D:XIII:179Concerto Grosso in G major, GraunWV Bv:XIII:55Coriolano, GraunWV B:I:20


Deh lasciate e vita e volo, GraunWV B:III:21Demofoonte, GraunWV B:I:13Der Tod Jesu, GraunWV B:VII:2Die AuferstehungDisperata Porcia, GraunWV B:III:29


Ein Lämmlein geht und trägt die Schuld, GraunWV B:VII:4Erheb ihn ewig o mein GeistEzio, GraunWV B:I:30


Fetonte, GraunWV B:I:21Fidi compagni a suon di tromba, GraunWV B:III:27Flute Sonata in C major, GraunWV Av:XVII:10Flute Sonata in D major, GraunWV B:XVII:54Flute Sonata in D major, GraunWV Cv:XVII:75


Gigue in B-flat minor


Harpsichord Concerto in B-flat major, GraunWV B:XIII:45Harpsichord Concerto in C minor, GraunWV Bv:XIII:50Hector e sua moglie, GraunWV B:III:51Horn Concerto in D major, Lund 16


Ifigenia in Aulide, GraunWV B:I:18Il giudizio di Paride, GraunWV B:I:26Il trionfo della gloria, GraunWV B:III:28In den Wunden Jesu sterben


Kommt her und schaut, GraunWV B:VII:5


L'amor onesta, GraunWV B:III:44Lavinia a Turno, GraunWV B:III:23Le feste galanti, GraunWV B:I:15L'Orfeo, GraunWV B:I:25Lucio Papirio, GraunWV B:I:11


Merope, GraunWV B:I:32Mitridate, GraunWV B:I:22Montezuma, GraunWV B:I:29


Non porto Febo mai, GraunWV B:III:34Non te lo dissi già superba ritrosetta, GraunWV B:III:35


O fuggito amore anch'io, GraunWV B:III:61Oboe Concerto in F major, GraunWV Cv:XIII:128Occhi stelle lucenti, GraunWV C:III:68Operatic Selections


Pesan troppo sul'alma Nice, GraunWV B:III:41Phyllis an DamonPreussischer Marsch


Rodelinda regina de' Longobardi, GraunWV B:I:6


Sacra d'amore ombrose selva, GraunWV B:III:45Scherza di fiore in fiore, GraunWV B:III:46Scipio Africanus, GraunWV B:I:4Semiramide, GraunWV B:I:28Silla, GraunWV B:I:27


Te Deum, GraunWV B:VI:2The Battle of RosbachTrio Sonata in A major, GraunWV B:XV:62Trio Sonata in C major, GraunWV B:XV:52Trio Sonata in C major, GraunWV B:XV:53Trio Sonata in C major, GraunWV Cv:XV:93Trio Sonata in D major, GraunWV B:XV:57Trio Sonata in D major, GraunWV B:XV:58Trio Sonata in D major, GraunWV Cv:XV:97Trio Sonata in D major, Lund 7Trio Sonata in D major, Lund 8Trio Sonata in E major, GraunWV Cv:SV:106Trio Sonata in E-flat major, GraunWV C:XV:82Trio Sonata in F major, GraunWV B:XV:59Trio Sonata in G major, GraunWV B:XV:53Trio Sonata in G major, GraunWV B:XV:61Trio Sonata in G major, GraunWV D:XV:150Troja già cadde incenerita, GraunWV B:III:50
Carl Heinrich Graun (7 May 1704 – 8 August 1759) was a German composer and tenor. Along with Johann Adolph Hasse, he is considered to be the most important German composer of Italian opera of his time.
Graun was born in Wahrenbrück in the Margraviate of Brandenburg. In 1714, he followed his brother, Johann Gottlieb Graun, to the school of the Kreuzkirche, Dresden, and sang in the Dresdner Kreuzchor and the chorus of the Dresden Opera. He studied singing with Christian Petzold and composition with Johann Christoph Schmidt. In 1724, Graun moved to Braunschweig, singing at the opera house and writing six operas for the company. In 1735, Graun moved to Rheinsberg in Brandenburg, after he had written the opera Lo specchio della fedeltà for the marriage of the then crown prince Frederick (the Great) and Elisabeth Christine in Schloss Salzdahlum in 1733. He was Kapellmeister to Frederick the Great from his ascension to the throne in 1740 until Graun's death nineteen years later in Berlin.
Graun wrote a number of operas. His opera Cesare e Cleopatra inaugurated the opening of the Berlin State Opera (Königliche Hofoper) in 1742. Montezuma (1755) was written to a libretto by King Frederick. His works are rarely played today, though his passion cantata Der Tod Jesu (The Death of Jesus, 1755) was frequently performed in Germany for many years after his death. His other works include concertos and trio sonatas. He was known for particularly good text-setting, probably due to his background as a vocalist.
He married twice and had a daughter, who became a singer, from his first marriage and four sons from his second. His great-great-great-great-grandson, Vladimir Nabokov, became an eminent 20th-century novelist.