Composers

Friedrich Kuhlau

Piano
Flute
Voice
Piano four hands
Orchestra
Mixed chorus
Violin
Cello
Men's chorus
Viola
Sonata
Variation
Sonatina
Rondo
Song
Dance
Waltz
Duet
Marche
Fantasia
by alphabet
6 Sonatinas, Op.55Piano Sonatina in C major, Op.20 No.13 Sonatinas, Op.20Trio for Piano and 2 Flutes, Op.1194 Sonatinas, Op.883 Fantaisies for Solo Flute, Op.383 Sonatas for Piano 4-Hands, Op.663 Grand Solos, Op.573 Sonatas with Variations, Op.603 Sonatas, Op.5912 Variations and Solos for Flute, Op.10b3 Leichte Rondos über beliebte Opern-Melodien, Op.56Adagio and Rondo for Piano 4-Hands, Op.124Flute Sonata, Op.85Piano Sonatina in C major, Op.55 No.13 Duos brillants, Op.110Sonatina for Piano 4 Hands, Op.173 Piano Sonatas, Op.463 Flute Sonatas, Op.83Adagio for Harp, Cello and Strings7 Variations on an Irish Folksong, Op.105Piano Sonata, Op.4Piano Sonata, Op.127Flute Sonata, Op.713 Fantaisies, Op.95Flute Sonata, Op.698 Waltzes for Piano 4 hands, Op.24Allegro pathetique for Piano 4-hands, Op.123Concertino For 2 Horns and Orchestra, Op.456 Variations on 'Euryanthe', Op.633 Rondos for Piano Duet, Op.1113 Piano Sonatas, Op.6a3 Rondos, Op.16 Scottish Dances, WoO 2185 Variations on a Scottish Folk Song, Op.104Piano Sonata, Op.30Piano Sonata, Op.5aSonata for Piano 4 hands, Op.8bPiano Sonata, Op.8a6 Canzoni, Op.92 Marches, WoO 2063 Sonatas, Op.52Piano Sonatina in C major, Op.55 No.36 Thêmes favoris tires de l'Opera 'Der Freyschütz' variés, Op.496 Waltzes for Piano 4 hands, Op.28Fantaisie, Op.938 Variations on a Danish Song, Op.16Variations on an Old Norwegian Air, Op.15String Quartet, Op.122Divertimento, WoO 192Fantasy and Variations, Op.25Variations on a Danish Song, Op.22Piano Sonatina in G major, Op.55 No.2Divertissement, Op.37La légèrete, rondeau brillant, Op.120Die Feier des Wohlwollens, Op.36Introduction and Rondo on 'Le Colporteur', Op.98a10 German Songs, Op.11aLa clochette, Op.1213 Rondolettos, Op.1173 Gesänge, Op.72bVariations on 'Herz, mein Herz, was soll das geben', Op.723 Thèmes favorits de l'opera 'Preciosa', Op.533 Sonatinas, Op.443 Piano Sonatas, Op.26Piano Sonatina in G major, Op.20 No.2Piano Sonata in A major, Op.59 No.1Leichte Variationen über sechs Oestreichische Volkslieder, Op.42Piano Sonatina in F major, Op.20 No.312 Piano Sonatines12 Waltzes for Piano, WoO 212Sonatinas for the PianoPiano Sonatina in C major, Op.55 No.63 Leichte Rondos über beliebte Opern Melodien, Op.31Piano Sonata in G major, Op.34Piano Sonatina in D major, Op.55 No.5MenuetPiano Sonata in C major, Op.59 No.3Piano Sonatina in F major, Op.55 No.4Variations on a Swedish melodyIntroduction and Rondo, Op.98bIntroduction and Variations, Op.99Piano Sonata in F major, Op.59 No.2Comische Canons für drei Männerstimmen, WoO 1836 Rondos, Op.40Piano Concerto, Op.710 Waltzes, WoO 2118 Rondos, Op.416 Waltzes, WoO 210Rondo, WoO 2033 Poems, Op.21Grande Valse heroique, WoO 2165 Variations on 'sur un air national danois', Op.14Variations on 'Guide mes pas o providence', Op.12Den kronede norske Nationalsang, WoO 139Rondeau brillant, Op.96Variations on 'Willkommen Purpurschale, du!', Op.1812 German Songs, Op.23Variations on Danish National Song, Op.352 Romances from Hugh von Reinberg, WoO 128March in E-flat major, WoO 2092 Folksongs, WoO 1376 Songs, Op.67Marsch til den Kongelige Liv Garde, WoO 207German Songs, Op.19Marsch, WoO 1382 Songs from 'Aladdin', WoO 131Elisa, Op.29Sang for de kongelige Land-Cadetter den, WoO 140Forglem mig ei, WoO 146Røverborgen, WoO 1293 Brilliant Duos for 2 Flutes, Op.1023 Brilliant Duos for 2 Flutes, Op.813 Duets for 2 Flutes, Op.103 Duos for 2 Flutes, Op.803 Flute Quintets, Op.513 Flute Trios, Op.133 Flute Trios, Op.863 Grand Duets for 2 Flutes, Op.393 Violin Sonatas, Op.796 Divertissements, Op.68Elverhøj, Op.100Eurydice in Tartarus, Op.47Flute Quintet in D major, Op.51 No.1Flute Sonata, Op.64Flute Trio in B minor, Op.90Grand Flute Quartet, Op.103Introduction et variations brillantes, Op.101Piano Quartet, Op.32Piano Quartet, Op.50Piano Sonata, Op.6bSørge Marsch ved Hans Majestæt Kong Christian VII, WoO 205Trylleharpen, Op.27Variations concertantes sur 'Le Colporteur', Op.94Violin Sonata, Op.33William Shakespeare, Op.74
Wikipedia
Friedrich Daniel Rudolf Kuhlau (German; Danish sometimes Frederick Kulav) (11 September 1786 – 12 March 1832) was a Danish pianist and composer during the late Classical and early Romantic periods. He was a central figure of the Danish Golden Age and is immortalized in Danish cultural history through his music for Elves' Hill, the first true work of Danish National Romanticism and a concealed tribute to the absolute monarchy. To this day it is his version of this melody which is the definitive arrangement.
During his lifetime, Kuhlau was known primarily as a concert pianist and composer of Danish opera, but was responsible for introducing many of Beethoven's works, which he greatly admired, to Copenhagen audiences. Kuhlau was a prolific composer, as evidenced by the fact that although his house burned down, destroying all of his unpublished manuscripts, he still left a legacy of more than 200 published works in most genres.
Kuhlau was born on 11 September 1786 just south of Lüneburg in the Uelzen district of Lower Saxony (Germany). At the age of seven, he lost his right eye when he slipped on ice and fell. His father, grandfather, and uncle were military oboists. Even though Kuhlau was born to a poor family, his parents managed to pay for piano lessons. In 1802 he moved to Hamburg where he began learning the piano with scholar C.F.G Schwencke.
In 1804, Kuhlau made his debut and began working as a concert pianist. It was around this time that he began composing songs and chamber music to earn money. Many of Kuhlau's compositions throughout his life were for the flute, though he himself did not play the instrument. In 1810, he fled to Copenhagen to avoid conscription in the Napoleonic Army, which overwhelmed the many small principalities and duchies of northern Germany. In the same year, Kuhlau published his first piano and flute compositions. Kuhlau made a living in Copenhagen as a piano teacher and composer in 1811. He was later appointed as a non-salaried musician in the Danish Court in 1812. Kuhlau eventually became a Danish citizen in 1813. Following the success of his singspiel, The Robber's Castle, Kuhlau gained a high-paying position as a singing teacher at the Royal Theater in 1816. Kuhlau's works between 1817 and 1820 failed to gain much prominence. His opera, The Magic Harp, was said to have failed due to a controversial libretto. In 1821 and 1825, Kuhlau travelled to Vienna where he befriended Ludwig van Beethoven. Beethoven's influence is evidential in Kuhlau's later works such as his singspiel, Elves' Hill, a work widely regarded as a tribute to the Danish Monarchy and an inspiring piece from the Danish Golden Age. In 1828, Kuhlau was awarded an honorary professorship.
Kuhlau had his breakthrough in 1814 at the Royal Danish Theatre with Røverborgen ("The Robbers' Castle"), a singspiel with a libretto by Adam Oehlenschläger.
His next few dramatic works, including Trylleharpen (1817), Elisa (1820) and Hugo og Adelheid (1827), lacking drama, failed miserably. With Lulu from 1824 he finally once again experienced success with one of his singspiels. He also wrote music for performances of William Shakespeare's plays.
In 1828 he achieved his greatest success when he wrote the music for Elverhøj. It won immediate popularity, especially for its overture and the final royal anthem, his setting of Kong Christian stod ved høien Mast (King Christian Stood by the Towering Mast). In the music, Kuhlau made very effective use of Danish and Swedish folk tunes. In 1976 the overture was rearranged by Danish composer Bent Fabricius-Bjerre and used as the soundtrack in a scene in the film The Olsen Gang Sees Red. The scene depicts the Olsen Gang breaking into The Royal Theater of Copenhagen, making their way through bricked up walls using explosives and other means. The whole break-in is choreographed so it corresponds directly to the music. The scene is one of the most – if not the most – recognized in the history of Danish film.
Alongside his dramatic works, Kuhlau wrote several compositions for flute and a large number of works for piano. Particularly his short pieces, sonatinas, for piano, enjoyed great popularity both in Denmark and abroad.
Beethoven, whom Kuhlau knew personally, exerted the greatest influence upon his music. Kuhlau's C major Piano Concerto, Op. 7 from 1810 displays a strong influence from Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 1 in C major, written 14 years earlier. All three movements of the work are strongly reminiscent of the corresponding movements in Beethoven's work, making it a musical pastiche.
In addition to the above-mentioned piano concerto were a string quartet and several works for piano that included all the current genres of the day: sonatas, sonatinas, waltzes, rondos and variations. He also created several works for strings with piano (three quartets and two quintets, and several violin sonatas), works of incidental music and several operas. However, his most-often recorded and played works are several piano sonatinas and numerous works for flute. It is because of these flute works that he was nicknamed "the Beethoven of the flute" during his lifetime.