Georg Abraham Schneider

French horn
Basset horn
Symphonies concertantes
by popularity


3 Concertant Duos, Op.43 Duos, Op.303 Flute Quartets, Op.113 Flute Quartets, Op.403 Flute Quartets, Op.453 Flute Quartets, Op.523 Flute Quartets, Op.533 Flute Quartets, Op.693 Flute Quartets, Op.713 Flute Quartets, Op.763 String Quartets, Op.143 String Quartets, Op.203 String Quartets, Op.683 String Quintets, Op.33 Trios brillants, Op.813 Viola Sonatas, Op.186 Flute Quartets, Op.516 Flute Quartets, Op.626 Flute Trios6 Pièces d'harmonie, Op.86 Viola Solos, Op.19


Bassoon Quartet in F major, Op.43


Concertos for Winds, Opp.83-90


Duo for Viola and Cello, Op.15


Flute Concerto in G major, Op.12Flute Quintet in G major, Op.54Flute Sonata in D major, Op.77


Quartet No.1 for 4 Flutes, Op.68Quartet No.2 for 4 Flutes, Op.72Quartet No.3 for 4 Flutes, Op.80


Variations, Op.44Viola Concerto in C major
Georg Abraham Schneider (19 April 1770 - 19 January 1839) was a German musician and composer.
Schneider was born in Darmstadt, where he originally learnt music as a member of the city's alta cappella. From 1787 he played horn in the court orchestra of the nobel house Hessen-Darmstadt, then from 1795 for the Prussian royal court.
Schneider's compositions and performances focussed on the horn, and owe a stylistic debt to Haydn and Mozart. The invention of the valved horn by Heinrich Stölzel and Friedrich Blühmel was of great interest to Schneider, allowing the instrument to be played chromatically for the first time. In a report for the Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung in 1817, Schneider wrote; "Because of its full and strong, yet soft and attractive tone, the Waldhorn is an extremely beautiful instrument; but, as is well known, it has until now been far behind almost all other wind instruments in its development, being very restricted to its natural notes .... Herr Stölzel of Breslau has now completely removed these shortcomings .... He has simply provided his horn with two airtight valves, which are depressed with little effort by two fingers of the right hand, like the keys of the pianoforte, and restored to their previous position by the same two fingers with the help of attached springs; with these it is not only possible but also easy to produce a pure and completely chromatic scale from the lowest to the highest notes with a perfectly even tone. On this horn, therefore, there is no need to change from one key to another, and the same passage can be repeated immediately in a different key; even passages which previously were absolutely impossible to play on the normal horn can now be performed without difficulty." The development of these valves led to the development of the instrument now known as the French horn.
Schneider wrote the first work for valved horn, which was performed publicly in 1818. In 1820 he was promoted to royal director of music, then in 1825 appointed director of the Court Orchestra. In his later life he taught at the Prussian Academy of the Arts.
Schneider's daughter Maschinka married Dresden composer François Schubert.
He died in Berlin in 1839.