Johann Baptist Cramer

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84 Etudes, Opp.30 & 4060 Selected Studies16 Etudes, Op.8112 Études mélodiques, Op.107Piano Sonatas, Op.6Les petits riensPiano Sonata, Op.25 No.1Piano Sonata, Op.20 'Grande Sonate'Instructions for the Piano Forte3 Piano Sonatas, Op.2326 PréludesVariations on an Anglo-Caledonian Air3 Sonatas, Op.39Sonata in E major, Op.69 'Amicitia'Piano Sonata, Op.50Sonata for Piano 4 hands No.2Capriccio sur le canon de 'Axur', Op.733 Piano Sonatas, Op.122 Piano Sonatas, Op.83 Piano Sonatas, Op.293 Nocturnes, Op.9436 Préludes mélodiques, Op.91Dulce et utile, Op.5550 Selected StudiesPiano Sonata, Op.25 No.2New Practical School, Op.10024 Morceaux choisis dans les quatuors et quintettesGrand March in E-flat majorPiano Sonata, Op.47Piano Sonata, Op.25 No.3Piano Sonata in D major, M.2.020Adagio in D major3 Piano Sonatas, Op.7Adagio in F major24 Préludes, Op.96Piano Sonatina in C major, M.3.09Capriccio sur des Airs favoris des 'Figaro et Don Juan', Op.6424 Salon-Etuden, Op.101Piano Sonata, Op.53Notturno, Op.54Les deux Styles, Op.97Rondo Brillant on a Venetian AirLe Retour du PrintempsVariations on 'Le Songe de Rousseau'Fantasia on 'The Conquest of Mexico'Impromptu in D-flat major, Op.9312 Études Caracteristiques 'Les Parisiennes'Introduction et Rondo, Op.66Variations on a Saxon AirL'AmbiguTrès Petit CanonMazurka a la Rondo11 Variations on “Ein Mädchen oder Weibchen”Piano Sonata, Op.63Piano Sonata 'Les Suivantes' No.1, Op.57Marche TurquePiano Sonata in E-flat major, M.2.063Piano Sonata, M.2.054Divertimento No.8, M.7.14Piano Sonata 'Les Suivantes' No.2, Op.58Piano Quintet No.3, Op.79Variations on a Theme by PaisielloToccata, M.12.05Divertimento No.5, M.7.093 Divertimentos, Op.13Divertimento No.9Mélange on Airs from GluckDivertimento No.7, M.7.11Rondo on Lord MacDonald's ReelPiccola Fantasia DrammaticaKnights May Woo and Ladies Listen, M.11.4Rondo Polonaise, M.9.08Variations on Mozart's 'Fin ch'han dal vino'La Strenna-Divertimento, M.7.212 Piano Sonatas, Op.273 Sonatas, Op.15Piano Sonata, Letter CVariations on 'Braes of Ballenden', M.6.082 Airs Ecossois from Sonatas, Op.443 Piano Sonatas, Op.37Divertimento No.10, M.7.163 Sonatas, Op.2Piano Sonata in F major, M.2.109Rondo on 'Gia un dolce raggio'3 Piano Sonatas, Op.43Piano Sonata, Letter DMoins que rienUn Jour de Printemps, M.8.30Variations on ‘Benedetta sia la Madre’3 Piano Sonatas, Op.34Rendezvous à la Chasse, M.7.2425 New & Characteristic Diversions, Op.71Divertimento No.1, M.7.05Divertimento No.12, M.7.20Rondo on a Favorite Scotch Reel, M.9.043 Nocturnes, Op.104Kutusoff’s Victory and Impromptu3 Piano Sonatas, Op.44Lays of a MinstrelUseful Extracts3 Sonatas, Letter ADivertimento No.11, M.7.17Variations on ‘Crazy Jane’, M.6.04Piano Sonata 'Les Suivantes' No.3, Op.592 Sonatas for Piano and Violin3 Keyboard Trios, Op.53 Sonatas, Op.143 Sonatas, Op.353 Sonatas, Op.43 Sonatas, Op.94 Divertimentos, Op.17Concerto da CameraDuet for 2 Pianos, Op.24Notturno, Op.32Piano Concerto No.1, Op.10Piano Concerto No.2, Op.16Piano Concerto No.3, Op.26Piano Concerto No.4, Op.38Piano Concerto No.5, Op.48Piano Concerto No.6, Op.51Piano Concerto No.7, Op.56Piano Concerto No.8, Op.70Piano Quartet in E-flat majorPiano Quartet No.2, Op.35Piano Quintet No.1, Op.60Piano Quintet No.2, Op.69Piano Sonata and 3 Variations, Op.19 No.3Piano Sonatas, Op.11Polonaise, M.12.11
Johann (sometimes John) Baptist Cramer (24 February 1771 – 16 April 1858) was an English pianist, composer and music publisher of German origin. He was the son of Wilhelm Cramer, a famous London violinist and conductor, one of a numerous family who were identified with the progress of music during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Cramer was born in Mannheim and was brought to London as a child, where he worked for most of his musical career, lived most of his life, and died.
From 1782 to 1784, he studied piano under Muzio Clementi and soon became a renowned professional pianist both in London and on the continent. He enjoyed a worldwide reputation, and was particularly appreciated by Beethoven when he visited Vienna, concertized and competed with him. Both were considered the greatest pianists of their time, Beethoven excelling in interpretative expressiveness, Cramer in pure technical perfection. He was the English publisher of Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5 and is credited with giving it its nickname, "The Emperor".
Cramer was one of the most renowned piano performers of his day. He met Beethoven in Vienna, initiating a mutually rewarding relationship, while renewing his friendship with Haydn.
After 1800, he was based almost exclusively in England. Following the successful example of his former teacher Clementi, he also became a successful music publisher in London. His many compositions take second place to his pianistic prowess; Beethoven considered him the finest pianist of the day from the standpoint of pure technical perfection.
His musical instrument manufacturing and music publishing firm, Cramer & Co., was located at 201 Regent Street). His business partners were Thomas Frederick Beale and Robert Addison. He ended his personal involvement in the company at the end of 1833, although it retained his name. He wrote a number of sonatas and other pieces for piano, and other compositions, of which his Études are best known, having appeared in numerous editions. They are still considered standard didactic works for piano students.
His music is generally less dramatic and elegant than Clementi's, much less adventurous than Dussek's and far less Romantic in sentiment than the Chopin forerunner John Field. It is stylistically conservative but replete with the most advanced, idiomatically pianistic passage-work. He wrote some 200 solo piano sonatas, about 50 sonatas for other instruments with piano accompaniment, nine piano concertos, and chamber music.
His brother Franz Cramer was Master of the King's Musick from 1837 until his death in 1848.
(→ for a complete survey cf. Thomas B. Milligan, J. B. Cramer (1771-1858) - A Thematic Catalogue of His Works, Boydell and Brewer, 1994, 224 p., ISBN 0945193416)