Johann Friedrich Reichardt

Mixed chorus
Religious music
Secular cantatas
by popularity


12 Élégies et Romances15 Deutsche Gesänge von Matthisson18 Romances d'Estelle24 Geistliche Lieder25 Deutsche Gesänge4 Piano Sonatas4 Sonatas for Violin and Keyboard, Op.26 Canzonette6 Keyboard Sonatas, Op.36 Keyboard Sonatas, R 9796 Keyboard Sonatas, R 9816 Violin Sonatas


Alles, was Odem hatAmors GuckkastenAndromedaAriadne auf Naxos


Berlinische musikalische ZeitungBrennoBriefe eines aufmerksamen Reisenden die Musik betreffend


CäciliaCantus lugubris in obitum Friderici MagniCephalus und ProkrisConcerto for Flute, Oboe and Bassoon


Der AbendDer TaucherDie Geister Insel


Einige Hexenszenen aus MacbethErlkönigErwin und Elmire


Gedichte von Caroline RudolphiGesänge der Klage und des TrostesGesänge fürs schöne GeschlechtGoethe's Lieder, Oden, Balladen und Romanzen


Hänschen und GretchenHarpsichord Concerto in G minorHarpsichord Sonata in E-flat major, IJR 10Harpsichord Sonatina in F majorHeilige Nacht




Jery und Bätely


Keyboard Sonata in B-flat major, IJR 30Keyboard Sonata in E-flat major, IJR 26Klavierstück über eine Petrarchische OdeKleine Klavier- und Singestücke


Le Troubadour italien, français et allemandLebt wohl, ihr BergeLenoreLieb' und TreueLieder der Liebe und der EinsamkeitLieder für KinderLieder geselliger FreudeL'univers ébranlé


Miltons MorgengesangMusikalische BlumenleseMusikalischer AlmanachMusikalisches Kunstmagazin


Neue Lieder geselliger Freude


Oden und Lieder


Piano Sonata in E minorPiano Sonata in F minor, IJR 18Protesilao


Que vois je? Que! spectacle!


Romantische Gesänge


Schillers lyrische GedichteSonata for Violin and Keyboard in B-flat majorSonata for Violin and Keyboard in F majorSonnetti e canzoni di PetrarcaString Quartet in C majorString Trio in E-flat majorStudien für Tonkünstler und Musikfreunde


Trauerode auf den Tod Helenas von Mecklenburg-Schwerin


Variations on a Theme from Die Geister InselVermischte MusikalienViolin Concerto in E-flat majorViolin Sonata in B-flat majorViolin Sonata in F major, IJR 20Violin Sonata in F major, IJR 25


Weihnachts-CantileneWer nie sein Brot mit Tränen aßWiegenlieder für gute deutsche Mütter


Über die Pflichten des Ripien-Violinisten
Johann Friedrich Reichardt (25 November 1752 – 27 June 1814) was a German composer, writer and music critic.
Reichardt was born in Königsberg, East Prussia, to lutenist and Stadtmusiker Johann Reichardt (1720–1780). Johann Friedrich began his musical training, in violin, keyboard, and lute, as a child. He was a student of Timofey Belogradsky, who in turn was a student of Sylvius Leopold Weiss. When Reichardt was ten years old, his father took the choir in which he sang, the "Wunderknaben", on a concert tour in East Prussia.
After being encouraged by Immanuel Kant, Reichardt later studied Jurisprudence and Philosophy in his hometown and in Leipzig from 1769 to 1771. In 1771, he escaped civil service by embarking on a Sturm-und-Drang tour as a virtuoso. He returned to Königsberg in 1774 and became the Kammersekretär (Chamber Secretary) in Ragnit. After Reichardt sent his opera Le feste galanti as a sample piece to Friedrich II, he was appointed to the position of the Royal Prussian Court Kapellmeister, a position previously held by Carl Heinrich Graun. Two years later he already withdrew from the job and married the singer, pianist and Lieder composer Juliane Benda, a daughter of Frantisek Benda. Of their progeny was one daughter, Louise Reichardt (11 April 1779, Berlin – 17 November 1826, Hamburg), who became a noted songwriter, and a son, Wilhelm (1777–1782).
On the return from his first trip to Italy in 1783, Reichardt stopped in Vienna, where he met Kaiser Joseph II and Christoph Willibald Gluck. Further musical trips to France and England did not produce anticipated success; he therefore returned reluctantly to Berlin. In 1786, he developed close friendships with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johann Gottfried Herder, Friedrich Schiller and Johann Georg Hamann.
Further attempts to gain new ground in Paris failed, yet he had become zealous with revolutionary ideas. After the appearance of his Vertrauten Briefe (Intimate Letters) in 1792, he was released in 1794 without pay from his position as Court Kapellmeister for being sympathetic to the French Revolution. He lived first in Hamburg, where he released the journal Frankreich, but from 1794, he lived in Giebichenstein near Halle. In 1796, he was pardoned for his support of the revolution and appointed to the post of the director of the saline (salt mine) in Halle. From there, he often traveled to Berlin to lead the premieres of his compositions.
Another trip to Paris in 1802 lessened his fascination for the French and French politics considerably: he became an opponent of Napoleon. Four years later, when his manor was plundered by French troops, he fled to Danzig where he was active as a patriot and freedom fighter. Napoleon's brother Jérôme, located in Kassel, allowed Reichardt to return and named him to Theater Director in 1807. This lasted only nine months. In November 1809, he traveled to Vienna looking for success. After experiencing the music of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, he became receptive to the Viennese Classic, although he was too late. However, he soon returned to Giebichenstein where he died alone, from a gastric illness. His stage works were quickly forgotten after his death but his strophic Lieder and Ballads im Volkston (in folk style) enjoyed considerable popularity throughout the 19th century, aided by the Wandervogel movement.
Much of Reichardt's reputation as a composer rests on his Lieder that number about 1500, using texts by some 125 poets. Important among these are the settings of Goethe's texts, some of which were known to, and influenced, Schubert. He was also known by his Singspiele, a genre that he refined with Goethe's support. He also wrote 49 songs to Herder's texts. Aside from his music, his work as an essayist has maintained its value up to this day. The collection of poems Des Knaben Wunderhorn is, in the epilogue, dedicated to Reichardt. This was probably in the expectation that he would set the text to music. However, such a setting from Reichardt was never composed.
See List of works for the stage by Johann Friedrich Reichardt.