Composers

Johann Gottfried Walther

Organ
Chorale prelude
Fugue
Prelude
Piece
Choralbearbeitungen
Religious music
Concerto
Chorale
Magnificat
Vesper
by alphabet
Gesammelte Werke für OrgelMusicalisches LexiconSämtliche freie OrgelwerkeNun komm, der Heiden HeilandAch Gott und HerrConcerto in G majorPrelude and Fugue in A majorAch Gott, erhör mein Seufzen und WehklagenNun lobe meine Seele den HerrnMach’s mit mir, Gott, nach deiner GütWarum sollt ich mich denn grämenToccata and Fugue in C majorOrgelkonzerte nach verschiedenen MeisternGott der Vater wohn uns beiHerr Gott, nun schleuß den Himmel aufKyrie, Gott Vater in EwigkeitFugue in F majorIn dulci jubiloPrelude and Fugue in C majorPrelude and Fugue in D minorPrelude and Fugue in G majorDas alte Jahr vergangen istAlle Menschen müssen sterben, B.11Meine Seele erhebt den HerrenVariations on a Theme by CorelliDies sind die heil'gen zehn Gebot'Allein Gott in der Höh sei EhrEin feste Burg ist unser GottLobe den Herren, den mächtigen König der EhrenErbarm’ dich mein, o Herre GottDurch Adams Fall ist ganz verderbtMeinen Jesum laß ich nichtOrgelchoräle
Wikipedia
Johann Gottfried Walther (18 September 1684 – 23 March 1748) was a German music theorist, organist, composer, and lexicographer of the Baroque era.
Walther was born at Erfurt. Not only was his life almost exactly contemporaneous to that of Johann Sebastian Bach, he was the famous composer's cousin.
Walther was most well known as the compiler of the Musicalisches Lexicon (Leipzig, 1732), an enormous dictionary of music and musicians. Not only was it the first dictionary of musical terms written in the German language, it was the first to contain both terms and biographical information about composers and performers up to the early 18th century. In all, the Musicalisches Lexicon defines more than 3,000 musical terms; Walther evidently drew on more than 250 separate sources in compiling it, including theoretical treatises of the early Baroque and Renaissance. The single most important source for the work was the writings of Johann Mattheson, who is referenced more than 200 times.
Some further information on Walther can be found in the book Musica Poetica by Dietrich Bartel. On page 22, Bartel quotes Walther's definition of musica poetica, or musical rhetoric, as:
Walther was the music teacher of Prince Johann Ernst von Sachsen-Weimar. He wrote a handbook for the young prince with the title Praecepta der musicalischen Composition, 1708. It remained handwritten until Peter Benary's edition (Leipzig, 1955). As an organ composer, Walther became famous for his organ transcriptions of orchestral concertos by contemporary Italian and German masters. He made 14 transcriptions of concertos by Albinoni, Gentili, Taglietti, Giuseppe Torelli, Vivaldi and Telemann. These works were the models for Bach to write his famous transcriptions of concertos by Vivaldi and others. On the other hand, Walther as a city organist of Weimar wrote exactly 132 organ preludes based on Lutheran chorale melodies. Some free keyboard music also belongs to his legacy.