Toivo Kuula

Men's chorus
Mixed chorus
String ensemble
Secular choruses
Folk music
Religious music
by popularity


12 South Ostrobothnian Folk Songs, Op.17b2 Pieces for Brass Ensemble, Op.282 Pieces for Organ, Op.16b2 Pieces for Violin and Piano, Op.17c2 Pieces for Violin and Piano, Op.222 Songs, Op.16a2 Songs, Op.31a2 Songs, Op.62 Songs, Op.83 Piano Pieces, Op.3b3 Songs, Op.23 Songs, Op.29a4 Songs, Op.234 Songs, Op.244 South Ostrobothnian Folk Dances, Op.17a5 Pieces for Violin and Piano, Op.3a6 Piano Pieces, Op.26


Aftonbön, Op.34b No.3Air variéAllegrettoAndante and AllegroAuringonnousu, Op.11 No.3




Det gingo två flickor


Häät, Op.27a No.4Hautalaulu, Op.11 No.5aHenteli, Op.4 No.6Hiiren peijaat, Op.29b No.2HumoreskiHur ljuvt det är, Op.34b No.4


Illalla, Op.4 No.3Iltapilviä, Op.27a No.5Iltatunnelma, Op.27b No.5Impi ja pajarin poika, Op.18Invention


JousitrioJuhlakantaattiJuhlamarssi, Op.13b


KanonKansalliskuoron marssi, Op.21 No.3KansanlaulusarjaKaravaanikuoro, Op.21 No.1Keinulla, Op.27b No.2Keinutan kaikua, Op.11 No.6KesäiltaKesäkuva, Op.27a No.2Kesän mentyä, Op.27a No.3Kesäyö, Op.34a No.1Kevät, Op.27a No.8KevätlauluKolkkaa kotaa, Op.27a No.6Kullan ylistysKullervon laulu, Op.4 No.7Kultaselle


LampaanpolskaLapuan marssi, Op.5Laulu Satakunnalle, Op.29b No.3Lied for Viola and Piano, Op.2 No.5


Maa hädässä, Op.31b No.4Me laulamme, Op.27b No.1Melodrama, Op.3c No.2Meren virsi, Op.11 No.2Merenkylpijäneidot, Op.12Metsän kuninkaalle, Op.4 No.1Music for the Play 'Kandaules', Op.30aMusic for the Play 'Taikapeili', Op.30c


Ne tulevat taas, Op.34a No.4Nuijamiesten marssi, Op.28 No.4Nuku


Omenapuut, Op.11 No.1Orjan poika, Op.14


Pappani maja, Op.4 No.4Piano Trio, Op.7PiirilauluPolska for Violin and PianoPolska, Op.27b No.6Prelude and Fugue, Op.10


Rakentajain laulu, Op.29c Nos.1, 2aRondo for String QuartetRukous, Op.34b No.1


Satu illasta, Op.2 No.4Satukuvia pianolle, Op.19Sävel, Op.29b No.1SchottisSirkan häämatka, Op.34a No.6Soikaa kellot, Op.27b No.8South Ostrobothnian Suite No.1, Op.9South Ostrobothnian Suite No.2, Op.20Stabat materSuojeluskuntien marssi, Op.34a No.7bSurulaulu, Op.27a No.1Syksy, Op.34a No.2Syntymistään sureva


Tanssilaulu, Op.27b No.7Tanssista palataa, Op.34a No.3TertsettiTuli tuttu, vanha tuttu, Op.27b No.4Tuonne taakse metsämaanTuutulaulu, Op.11 No.4


Vai ei, Op.27b No.3Vanha vaimo, Op.4 No.8Vapauden laulu, Op.34a No.5Vappulaulu, Op.27a No.7Venelaulu, Op.21 No.2Violin Sonata in F majorViolin Sonata, Op.1Virta venhettä vie, Op.4 No.5a


Yksin, Op.29b No.4Yllätä, ikuinen yö, Op.4 No.2Yö, Op.22 No.3
Toivo Timoteus Kuula (7 July 1883 – 18 May 1918) was a Finnish composer and conductor of the late-Romantic and early-modern periods, who emerged in the wake of Jean Sibelius, under whom he studied privately from 1906 to 1908. The core of Kuula's oeuvre are his many works for voice and orchestra, in particular the Stabat mater (1914–18; completed by Madetoja), The Sea-Bathing Maidens (1910), Son of a Slave (1910), and The Maiden and the Boyar's Son (1912). In addition he also composed two Ostrobothnian Suites for orchestra and left an unfinished symphony at the time of his death in 1918.
He was born in the Vehkakoski village of the Alavus town and registered as a native in the city of Vaasa (then Nikolainkaupunki), when Finland still was a Grand Duchy under Russian rule. He is known as a colorful and passionate portrayer of Finnish nature and people.
Kuula became Jean Sibelius's first composition student. He is best remembered for his large output of melodic choir and vocal works. His instrumental works include two Ostrobothnian Suites for orchestra, a violin sonata, a piano trio, and an unfinished Symphony. Kuula's major choral work is often considered the cantata Stabat Mater, which was completed in spring 1915 (original version, later lost) but revised, beginning 1917 and unfinished at the time of his death. He also wrote a few dozen highly artistic piano works.
A Swedish critic once said that Kuula's music reaches parts of the human spirit where one is forced to deep examination of one's self.
Kuula was known to be a fierce Fennoman. He died in the provincial hospital in Viipuri in 1918 after being mortally wounded 18 days earlier on Walpurgis Night by a bullet fired by a Jäger. The bullet was fired as a result of a quarrel that happened at the Hotel Seurahuone in conjunction with the first victory celebration of the White victory in the Civil War of Finland. Kuula is buried in Hietaniemi cemetery, Helsinki.
A simplified works list (by Joel Valkila) on the basis of Tero Tommila's Catalogue of Works:
+ Six Posthumous Piano Pieces (Two unfinished) + Six Posthumous Orchestral Pieces (Two unfinished) + Twenty-Two Posthumous Chamber Pieces (Five unfinished) + Fourteen Songs (Three unfinished) + One Posthumous Cantata