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Composers

Henryk Wieniawski

All Compositions

Compositions for: Violin

#Arrangements for: Violin
#Parts for: Violin
by popularity

#

2 Mazurkas, Op.122 Mazurkas, Op.193 Feuillets d'Album, Op.23

A

Adagio élégiaque, Op.5Allegro de Sonate, Op.2

C

Capriccio-Valse, Op.7

E

Etudes-Caprices, Op.18

F

Fantaisie orientale, Op.24Fantasia on Themes from 'Faust', Op.20

G

Grand caprice fantastique, Op.1

K

Kujawiak in A minor

L

L’École moderne, Op.10Le carnaval russe, Op.11Légende

P

Polonaise brillante No.2, Op.21Polonaise de concert, Op.4

R

Romance sans paroles, Op.9

S

Scherzo tarantelle, Op.16Souvenir de Moscou, Op.6Souvenir de Posen, Op.3

T

Theme original varié, Op.15

V

Violin Concerto No. 1Violin Concerto No. 2

W

Wieniawski Album

Arrangements for: Violin

2 Mazurkas, Op.19Capriccio-Valse, Op.7Etudes-Caprices, Op.18Fantasia on Themes from 'Faust', Op.20Kujawiak in A minorL’École moderne, Op.10Le carnaval russe, Op.11LégendePolonaise brillante No.2, Op.21Polonaise de concert, Op.4Souvenir de Moscou, Op.6Violin Concerto No. 1Violin Concerto No. 2

Parts for: Violin

Fantasia on Themes from 'Faust', Op.20LégendePolonaise brillante No.2, Op.21Polonaise de concert, Op.4Violin Concerto No. 2
Wikipedia
Henryk Wieniawski ([vʲɛˈɲafskʲi]; 10 July 1835 – 31 March 1880) was a Polish virtuoso violinist, composer and pedagogue who is regarded amongst the greatest Polish violinists in history. His younger brother Józef Wieniawski and nephew Adam Tadeusz Wieniawski [pl] were also accomplished musicians.
Henryk Wieniawski was born in Lublin, Congress Poland (Russian Empire). His father, Tobiasz Pietruszka (Wolf Helman), was the son of a Jewish barber named Herschel Meyer Helman, from the Jewish Lublin neighborhood of Wieniawa, when barbers were also practicing dentists, healers, and bloodletters. Wolf Helman, also known as Tobiasz Pietruszka, changed his name to Tadeusz Wieniawski, taking on the name of his neighborhood to blend into his Polish environment better. Prior to obtaining his medical degree, he had converted to Catholicism. He married Regina Wolff, the daughter of a noted Jewish physician from Warsaw, and out of this marriage, Henryk was born.
Henryk's talent for playing the violin was recognized early, and in 1843 he was accepted by the Paris Conservatoire, where special exceptions were made to admit him, as he wasn't French and was only eight years old. He attended the Conservatoire from 1843 to 1846 and returned for another year in 1849. After graduation, he toured extensively and gave many recitals, where he was often accompanied by his brother Józef on piano. In 1847, he published his first opus, a Grand Caprice Fantastique, the start of a catalogue of 24 opus numbers.
When his engagement to Isabella Hampton was opposed by her parents, Wieniawski wrote Légende, Op. 17; this work helped her parents change their mind, and the couple married in 1860.
At the invitation of Anton Rubinstein, Wieniawski moved to St. Petersburg, where he lived from 1860 to 1872, taught many violin students and led the Russian Musical Society's orchestra and string quartet. From 1872 to 1874, Wieniawski toured the United States with Rubinstein. Wieniawski replaced Henri Vieuxtemps as violin professor at the Conservatoire Royal de Bruxelles in 1875.
During his residence in Brussels, Wieniawski's health declined, and he often had to stop in the middle of his concerts. He started a tour of Russia in 1879 but was unable to complete it, and was taken to a hospital in Odessa after a concert. On 14 February 1880, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's patroness Nadezhda von Meck took him into her home and provided him with medical attention. His friends also arranged a benefit concert to help provide for his family. He died in Moscow a few weeks later from a heart attack and was interred in the Powązki Cemetery in Warsaw.
His daughter Régine Wieniawski, born in Brussels the year before his death, also became a composer. She published her early works as "Irène Wieniawska", but after marrying Sir Aubrey Dean Paul and becoming a British subject, she used the pseudonym "Poldowski". Another daughter, Henriette, would go on to marry Joseph Holland Loring in 1904, who was among the victims of the Titanic disaster.
Wieniawski was a player in the Beethoven Quartet Society in London, where he also performed on viola.
Henryk Wieniawski was considered a violinist of great ability and wrote some very important works in the violin repertoire, including two technically demanding violin concertos, the second of which (in D minor, 1862) is more often performed than the first (in F-sharp minor, 1853). His L'École moderne: 10 Études-caprices is a very well known work for aspiring violinists. His Polonaise Brillante, Op. 4, Scherzo-Tarantelle, Op. 16 and Légende, Op. 17 are also frequently performed works. He also wrote several mazurkas for violin with the piano accompaniment (including the popular Obertass in G major), using techniques such as left-hand pizzicato, harmonics, large leaps, and double stops.
Wieniawski was given a number of posthumous honors. His portrait appeared on a postage stamp of Poland in 1952 and again in 1957. A 100 złoty coin was issued in 1979 bearing his image.
What is commonly called the "Russian bow grip" is sometimes called the "Wieniawski bow grip", as Wieniawski taught his students his own kind of very rigid bowing technique (like the Russian grip) that allowed him to play what he called a "devil's staccato" with ease. This "devil's staccato" was used to discipline students' technique.
The first violin competition named after Wieniawski took place in Warsaw in 1935. Ginette Neveu took first prize, David Oistrakh second, and Henri Temianka third. The International Henryk Wieniawski Violin Competition has been held every five years since 1952.
Published works, with opus numbers
Unpublished works, and works without opus numbers