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Stabat Mater

Composer: Pergolesi Giovanni Battista

Instruments: Voice Soprano Alto String ensemble

Tags: Religious music Mass Sequence


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Wind quintet



Duetto: Stabat Mater dolorosa (No.1). Organ (Marc Boniteau)Complete. Piano (Unknown)Complete. Organ + Trumpet(2) (Rondeau, Michel)Complete. Orchestra + Voice(4) (Johann Adam Hiller)Selections. Violin (Johan Helmich Roman)Selections. Recorder(4) (R.D. Tennent)Duetto: Stabat Mater dolorosa (No.1). Recorder(4) (Maximilian Olschewski)Duetto: Stabat Mater dolorosa (No.1). Organ (Alain Brunet)Quando corpus morietur (No.12). Organ + Voice(2) (Alain Brunet)Quando corpus morietur (No.12). French horn(2) + Organ (Félix Foster)Cujus animam gementem (No.2). Keyboard + Piano (Alain Brunet)Cujus animam gementem (No.2). Organ (Alain Brunet)Vidit suum (No.6). Keyboard + Piano (Alain Brunet)Vidit suum (No.6). Organ (Alain Brunet)Cujus animam gementem (No.2). Harp (Nicolas-Charles Bochsa)
Stabat Mater (P.77) is a musical setting of the Stabat Mater sequence, composed by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi in 1736. Composed in the final weeks of Pergolesi's life, it is scored for soprano and alto soloists, violin I and II, viola and basso continuo (cello and organ).
Many pieces which were said to have been composed by Pergolesi have been misattributed; the Stabat Mater is definitely by Pergolesi, as a manuscript in his handwriting has been preserved. The work was composed for a Neapolitan confraternity, the Confraternita dei Cavalieri di San Luigi di Palazzo, which had also commissioned a Stabat Mater from Alessandro Scarlatti. Pergolesi composed it during his final illness from tuberculosis in a Franciscan monastery in Pozzuoli, along with a Salve Regina setting, and, as it is said, finished it right before he died.
The Stabat Mater is one of Pergolesi's most celebrated sacred works, achieving great popularity after the composer's death. Jean-Jacques Rousseau showed appreciation for the work, praising the opening movement as "the most perfect and touching duet to come from the pen of any composer". Many composers adapted the work, including Giovanni Paisiello, who extended the orchestral accompaniment, and Joseph Eybler, who added a choir to replace some of the duets. Bach's Tilge, Höchster, meine Sünden is a parody cantata based on Pergolesi's composition.
The work was not without its detractors. Padre Martini criticised its light, operatic style in 1774, and believed it was too similar to Pergolesi's comic opera La serva padrona to adequately deliver the pathos of the text.
The work is divided into twelve movements, each named after the incipit of the text. Much of the music is based on Pergolesi's earlier setting of the Dies irae sequence.
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